What is the Difference Between Soft Water and Hard Water?

Water quality should be an important subject in your life. Not only is water imperative to survival and overall health, it has a monumental impact on your home’s plumbing system, and even your finances. For this reason, it is important to soften water if it is too hard. Continue reading to learn the difference between hard water and soft water, as well as, how you can improve your home’s water quality on a budget.

Indianapolis Water Softening 317-749-0949
Indianapolis Water Softening 317-749-0949

Hard Water

Hard water is water that contains high traces of mineral salts. These minerals mostly consist of magnesium, iron, calcium, and other bicarbonates and sulfates. Water is naturally soft when it falls to the earth in the form of rain. Once rain water has passed through the soil, bedrock, sand, and other layers of earth, it collects an abundance of hard minerals and ions. This changes the composition of the water and makes it higher in mineral salts. Such dissolved mineral ions accumulate over time in the form of scale, which is a thin white film that has several negative effects on plumbing fixtures, pipes, and appliances, as well as, hair, skin, nails, laundry, and dishware.

We measure this mineral capacity in grains per gallon, and the level of hardness on a scale from 1 to 10. Although hard water is generally measured in grains per gallon, it can also be read in parts per million (ppm) or milligrams per liter (mg/L) of calcium carbonate. The more grains, the harder the water, which means the degree of “hardness” varies on a spectrum. Water can be anywhere between marginally hard to very hard. It depends on where you live, how you obtain your water, regional soil conditions, crops, farming, and more.

💧 Soft Water – 0 to 60 mg/L
💧 💧 Moderately hard Water – 61 to 120 mg/L
💧 💧 💧 Hard Water – 121 to 180 mg/L
💧 💧 💧 💧 Very Hard Water –  Over 180 mg/L

Soft Water

Soft water is the opposite of hard water because it is free of hard mineral salts. Rain water is naturally soft. It only becomes hard when as it accumulates mineral salts as it passes through rock, chalk, and limestone in the ground. Neighborhoods that have hard water are probably located on top of a large bed if limestone; or their water supply facility is located near high mineral areas. This is why certain regions have softer water than others. It all depends on what’s beneath the ground, and how the water is treated at the local water plant.

In order to lessen the hardness of water, you must implement a water softening system. The most popular approach is to install a water softener, also known as a water conditioner. Water softeners use ion-exchange technology to eliminate hard minerals in water. The water softener conditions the water and then stores it in a tank for on demand use, whether that be your shower or kitchen sink faucet! You can also combine a water softener system with another form of water purification to further enhance the taste and quality of your water, such as whole house water filters, water purifiers, and reverse osmosis.

How to Get Soft Water in Indianapolis

Call Soft Water by Weilhammer Plumbing at 317-749-0949 for professional and affordable soft water services in Indianapolis, Indiana. We provide cost-effective solutions for hard water and water purification, including water softeners for sale, for both residential and commercial properties. Request a free estimate to get started.

Indianapolis Water Softening Company 317-749-0949
Indianapolis Water Softening Company 317-749-0949
This entry was posted in Hard Water, Soft Water, Water Conditioning, Water Quality and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.