When you turn on your kitchen sink, do you ever wonder where that water is actually coming from? Sure, you know it is treated and distributed by the municipal water company; but where exactly do they get the water to begin with? Well, most community water systems get their water from 2 primary source: surface water and ground water.
Continue reading to learn more about these two kinds of water sources in our communities, and what we use them for every day. Plus, gain some insight on how you can improve the taste and quality of your water!
Surface Water and Ground Water
You are not likely able to distinguish the different between surface water and ground water merely by taste and sight. They are both used on a daily basis throughout the entire nation for drinking, cooking, and self-hygiene, as well as industrial applications, agricultural applications, farming, recreation, and much more. In fact, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reports that virtually 91% all public water systems get their water supply from the ground, and nearly 68% of people source theirs from surface water.
But what is the different between ground and surface water? Location is the primary factor that sets them apart. Most city, suburban, and metropolitan areas are heavily populated, so they tend to use surface water. More rural areas are less concentrated with people, so they tend to use groundwater sources.
Surface water is water that accumulates on top of the ground, as well as, in creeks, streams, ponds, lakes, rivers, reservoirs, the ocean, and similar bodies of water. Surface water depletes as we use it, but also through natural evaporation, which occurs at a higher rate during warm seasons of the year. Fortunately, as nature would have it, surface water continues to replenish its reserves through recurrent rain, snow, and other forms of precipitation. As mentioned, many suburban and metro residents and businesses are supplied with surface water, and it most cases, it is a lake or reservoir.
Ground water, or groundwater, comes from, you guessed it, the ground. It is actually derived from the underground water table, which is a natural body of water that forms anywhere from 6 feet to 100 feet deep, depending on your region and annual precipitation levels. It can only be accessed through drilling wells, which is why most people who get their water supply from the underground water table have their own private wells. Approximately 32% of local water treatment systems source their water from ground water, according to the EPA.
Improve Your Water at Home With Professional Indianapolis Soft Water Service
Call Soft Water by Weilhammer Plumbing at 317-749-0949 if you would like to learn how to improve your drinking water on a budget. You have several options for Indianapolis water purification, including reverse osmosis, water filtration, water softening, and more. Our licensed plumbers are soft water professionals who know exactly how to assess your home’s water purification needs. Trust us for honest service at a fair price.